Spider Veins and Varicose Veins
is a general term to describe
abnormal venous return. Spider
veins and varicose veins are
the result of venous insufficiency
involving the superficial veins.
The signs and symptoms of venous
insufficiency are variable and
not just related to the size of
the varicose vein. Common symptoms
include achy, itchy and tired
legs especially by the end of
the day. Vein reflux is very common
problem and affects up to 30%
of women and 18% of men. Most
will have mild cases such as spider
veins or varicose veins with mild
symptoms. Late stage vein reflux
is less common, but creates more
serious problems like painful
swelling of the legs, changes
in the skin colour (stasis dermatitis)
and open sores (stasis ulcers).
Faulty valves will allow blood
to run backwards in the vein.
This is the most common cause
of varicose veins.
- if your parents or grandparents
have varicose veins you are
more likely to also develop
Obstruction: Blood clots
can block flow within the veins.
This can happen after developing
a blood clot in the leg (deep
Gender - Women
are more likely to develop varicose
veins because of the effect
of female hormones
Failed muscle pump: Long
periods of bed rest or reduced
activity will decrease the amount
of blood that is propelled back
to the heart by squeezing of the
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